小悠学习——快乐工作,悠闲生活.超全的IT开发手册!
HTML CSS JAVASCRIPT SQL PHP BOOTSTRAP JQUERY ANGULAR XML
 

AngularJS 包含



在 AngularJS 中,你可以在 HTML 中包含 HTML 文件。


在 HTML 中包含 HTML 文件

在 HTML 中,目前还不支持包含 HTML 文件的功能。


服务端包含

大多服务端脚本都支持包含文件功能 (SSI: Server Side Includes)。

使用 SSI, 你可在 HTML 中包含 HTML 文件,并发送到客户端浏览器。

PHP 实例

< ?php require("navigation.php"); ? >

客户端包含

通过 JavaScript 有很多种方式可以在 HTML 中包含 HTML 文件。

通常我们使用 http 请求 (AJAX) 从服务端获取数据,返回的数据我们可以通过 使用 innerHTML 写入到 HTML 元素中。


AngularJS 包含

使用 AngularJS, 你可以使用 ng-include 指令来包含 HTML 内容:

实例

< body >

< div class= "container" >
  < div ng-include= "'myUsers_List.htm'" > < /div >
  < div ng-include= "'myUsers_Form.htm'" > < /div >
< /div >

< /body >

步骤如下:


步骤 1: 创建 HTML 列表

myUsers_List.html

< h3 >Users < /h3 >

< table class= "table table-striped" >
  < thead > < tr >
    < th >Edit < /th >
    < th >First Name < /th >
    < th >Last Name < /th >
  < /tr > < /thead >
  < tbody > < tr ng-repeat= "user in users" >
    < td >
      < button class= "btn" ng-click= "editUser(user.id)" >
        < span class= "glyphicon glyphicon-pencil" > < /span >&nbsp;&nbsp;Edit
      < /button >
    < /td >
    < td > {{ user.fName }} < /td >
    < td > {{ user.lName }} < /td >
  < /tr > < /tbody >
< /table >

尝试一下 »

步骤 2: 创建 HTML 表单

myUsers_Form.html

< button class= "btn btn-success" ng-click= "editUser('new')" >
  < span class= "glyphicon glyphicon-user" > < /span > Create New User
< /button >
< hr >

< h3 ng-show= "edit" >Create New User: < /h3 >
< h3 ng-hide= "edit" >Edit User: < /h3 >

< form class= "form-horizontal" >
< div class= "form-group" >
  < label class= "col-sm-2 control-label" >First Name: < /label >
  < div class= "col-sm-10" >
    < input type= "text" ng-model= "fName" ng-disabled= "!edit" placeholder= "First Name" >
  < /div >
< /div >
< div class= "form-group" >
  < label class= "col-sm-2 control-label" >Last Name: < /label >
  < div class= "col-sm-10" >
    < input type= "text" ng-model= "lName" ng-disabled= "!edit" placeholder= "Last Name" >
  < /div >
< /div >
< div class= "form-group" >
  < label class= "col-sm-2 control-label" >Password: < /label >
  < div class= "col-sm-10" >
    < input type= "password" ng-model= "passw1" placeholder= "Password" >
  < /div >
< /div >
< div class= "form-group" >
  < label class= "col-sm-2 control-label" >Repeat: < /label >
  < div class= "col-sm-10" >
    < input type= "password" ng-model= "passw2" placeholder= "Repeat Password" >
  < /div >
< /div >
< /form >

< hr >
< button class= "btn btn-success" ng-disabled= "error || incomplete" >
  < span class= "glyphicon glyphicon-save" > < /span > Save Changes
< /button >

尝试一下 »

步骤 3: 创建控制器

myUsers.js

angular.module( 'myApp', []).controller( 'userCtrl', function($scope) {
$scope.fName = '';
$scope.lName = '';
$scope.passw1 = '';
$scope.passw2 = '';
$scope.users = [
{id: 1, fName: 'Hege',lName: "Pege" },
{id: 2, fName: 'Kim',lName: "Pim" },
{id: 3, fName: 'Sal',lName: "Smith" },
{id: 4, fName: 'Jack',lName: "Jones" },
{id: 5, fName: 'John',lName: "Doe" },
{id: 6, fName: 'Peter',lName: "Pan" }
];
$scope.edit = true;
$scope.error = false;
$scope.incomplete = false;
$scope.editUser = function(id) {
  if (id == 'new') {
    $scope.edit = true;
    $scope.incomplete = true;
    $scope.fName = '';
    $scope.lName = '';
    } else {
    $scope.edit = false;
    $scope.fName = $scope.users[id-1].fName;
    $scope.lName = $scope.users[id-1].lName;
  }
};

$scope.$watch( 'passw1', function() {$scope.test();});
$scope.$watch( 'passw2', function() {$scope.test();});
$scope.$watch( 'fName', function() {$scope.test();});
$scope.$watch( 'lName', function() {$scope.test();});

$scope.test = function() {
  if ($scope.passw1 !== $scope.passw2) {
    $scope.error = true;
    } else {
    $scope.error = false;
  }
  $scope.incomplete = false;
  if ($scope.edit && (!$scope.fName.length ||
    !$scope.lName.length ||
    !$scope.passw1.length || !$scope.passw2.length)) {
    $scope.incomplete = true;
  }
};
})

步骤 4: 创建主页

myUsers.html

< !DOCTYPE html >
< html >
< link rel= "stylesheet" href = "http://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.2.0/css/bootstrap.min.css" >
< script src= "http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.3.14/angular.min.js" > < /script >

< body ng-app= "myApp" ng-controller= "userCtrl" >

< div class= "container" >
  < div ng-include= "'myUsers_List.htm'" > < /div >
  < div ng-include= "'myUsers_Form.htm'" > < /div >
< /div >

< script src= "myUsers.js" > < /script >

< /body >

< /html >

尝试一下 »